Back to the future: the 1970s reconsidered

[…] Tory Party, then made his famous U-turn. This is half-true, at best. It is clear now that Heath had one overriding aim – British entry into the EEC – and everything else played second fiddle to that. In the first year and a half of his government he appeared to believe that the best […]

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Contamination, the Labour Party, nationalism and the Blairites

[…] has ‘hi-jacked’ the issue is nonsense. There has always been a section of the Tory Right which, like a section of the Labour Left, has opposed the EEC and the European Union. Rather uncomfortably they lined up together in the 1975 referendum campaign on EEC membership; just as some of their political antecedents had […]

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Spooks and the EEC

The CIA In a recent ‘Witness Seminar’ on the 1975 British referendum on entry into the European Economic Community (EEC), the Conservative MP, Sir Richard Body, who in 1975 was co-chair of the anti-EEC National Referendum Campaign, had this to say: ‘At the very beginning of the campaign two CIA agents came to see […]

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The subversion hunters and the social democrats in the 1970s

[…] Europe The social democratic wing of the Labour Party had two key positions: British membership of NATO and retention of British nuclear weapons, and membership of the EEC. After the defeat of CND at the Labour conference of 1961 it was European Economic Community (EEC) membership which became their great cause. With this achieved […]

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Disinformation: From Euros to UFOs

[…] has been cosying up to America – how likely is it that the FCO would release, and release now, its in-house history of the negotiations with the EEC? Another explanation of why it has been published is this. In my review of Young’s book I pointed out that in giving Young access to the […]

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This Blessed Plot: Britain and Europe from Churchill to Blair

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[…] in their imperial fantasies. In writing this book Young has been given access to secret Foreign Office papers, including an in-house history of the negotiations with the EEC. He and his colleagues at the Foreign Office have thus driven a coach and horses through the Official Secrets Act. Somewhere, I suspect, someone on the […]

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A rough guide to the European Round Table of Industrialists

[…] economic ‘stagflation’ from which Western Europe had been suffering for almost a decade. At the same time there had been little movement towards further integration within the EEC. However, Pehr Gyllenhammar, Volvo’s CEO, started campaigning for an overall scheme ‘to spur growth, and build industry and infrastructure’ in Western Europe. Working with Fiat’s Umberto […]

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Historical Notes

[…] to provide the youthful European Economic Community with military capability.(1) The essay is notable because it adds another dimension to our grasp of how and why the EEC was formed. Most modern work follows from the thesis developed by Alan Milward and is starting to accept that the EEC developed out of the post-war […]

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Fantasy Island

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[…] in these groups a common thread: the pretence that tough choices don’t have to be made. They show that the pro-EEC campaign lied that membership of the EEC didn’t mean change to this society; they show the SDP flunked the tough choices while pretending they had made them; and NuLab has followed in their […]

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Tittle-tattle 2

[…] World nations, some of us nearly passed out. Symonds obviously mistook these hard-nosed executives for people with a social conscience……’ The CIA and the 1975 Referendum on EEC membership Sir Richard Body’s encounter with purported CIA personnel prior to the 1975 Referendum on British membership of the EEC has been referred to before in […]

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