‘Privatising’ covert action: the case of the Unification Church

[…] state of political confusion, social disruption and economic chaos.(15) The lifting of the repressive hand of the Japanese colonial administration, the traumatic division of the country into communist and non-communist halves, and the underdeveloped condition of the economy (particularly in the south) combined to create a psychological climate of insecurity and desperation. In such […]

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In a Common Cause: the Anti-Communist Crusade in Britain 1945-60

[…] Social Democratic government, not the Americans, to give a lead in the spiritual, moral and political sphere to all democratic elements in Western Europe which are anti- communist and, at the same time, genuinely progressive and reformist, believing in freedom, planning and social justice — what one might call the ‘Third Force’.’ (3) The […]

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The DFS, Silvia Duran and the CIA-Mafia connection

[…] Cuban Consulate. The successive changes mirror the shift in the Mexico City CIA Station’s view of Oswald, from a ‘phase-one’ position (Oswald was part of a Cuban Communist conspiracy) to a more standard ‘phase-two’ position (Oswald was a lone nut). From other sources we learn that the DFS itself, as well as the CIA […]

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Moscow Gold: ‘the Communist threat’ in post-war Britain

[…] World Peace Council and the rest of the well known fronts. The only important news so far has been the confirmation that the Soviets were also funding communist parties around the world — including the Communist Party of Great Britain. There really was ‘Moscow Gold’ in there after all, and KGB gold at that. […]

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The United States and the overthrow of Sukarno, 1965-67

[…] Kathy Kadane which began, ‘The U.S. government played a significant role in one of the worst massacres of the century by supplying the names of thousands of Communist Party leaders to the Indonesian army, which hunted down the leftists and killed them, former U. S. diplomats say.’ Perhaps 5,000 names were given to the […]

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Was there a ‘communist threat’?

Was there a ‘communist threat’? The term ‘communist’ was always flexibly applied by the anti-socialist groups. The Common Cause and IRIS reports, for example, went much wider to actually mean the left, i.e. socialists; and sometimes simply anyone who opposed those in positions of power.(148) Nonetheless in a thesis about the political uses of […]

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Right-wing Terrorists and the Extraparliamentary Left in Post-World War 2 Europe: Collusion or Manipulation?

[…] major sponsor, the United States, since it views these as the military bulwarks of a Western civilization that is locked in a life-or-death struggle with an implacable communist adversary. This view is also shared, albeit more reluctantly, by the conservative ‘national right’ elements within the aforementioned neo-fascist electoral parties. (37) In marked contrast, most […]

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George Orwell and the IRD

[…] it may never recover when it was revealed in 1996 that he had cooperated closely with the IRD’s Cold Warriors, even offering his own blacklist of eighty-six Communist fellow-travellers…'(1) This echoed the newspaper coverage of the revelations which were originally sensationalised by Richard Norton-Taylor and Seumas Milne in their article, ‘Orwell Offered Writers Blacklist […]

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Common Cause and IRIS

[…] from office.'(80) This was the organisation which later came to be known as ‘the Club’ or ‘the Group’, and ‘defined its purpose in terms of preventing a Communist takeover of the union’.(81) ‘In the mid 1950s ….. the Right-wing members of the Executive Council began attending the factional meeting. In this period also a […]

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